On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  The Declaration on Future Relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration that was negotiated and signed at the same time as the binding and broader withdrawal agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and at the end of the transition period. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. This regulation provides for the activation of safeguard mechanisms negotiated by the EU in its trade agreements with certain third countries (Singapore, Japan and Vietnam). These guarantees allow, in certain circumstances, the temporary withdrawal of tariff preferences or any other preferential treatment contained in these agreements. Since his departure, the UK has had no say in the EU institutions.
Citizens of the United Kingdom are therefore also excluded from participating in European citizens` initiatives, they do not have the right to vote in local elections in other EU countries or in elections to the European Parliament, and you do not stand for election. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. “For projects under the Coal and Steel Research Fund established by Protocol 37 of the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union under subsidy agreements signed before the end of the transitional period, applicable EU law remains applicable to the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom after the end of the transitional period. , until the projects are completed. The applicable EU law includes, among other things, the following provisions and all changes to these provisions, regardless of when it came into force, the entry into force or the application of the amendment: the receipt of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostility and the vote was delayed by more than a month.